The Ministry of Transport, Sarawak was established on 22nd August 2019 and is one of the twelve (12) State Ministries. Prior to this, transportation was just part of the scope of works of Ministry of Infrastructure and Port Development (MIPD) formerly known as Ministry Infrastructure Development and Transportation, Sarawak (MIDT).

The establishment of MOTS was gazetted in the Sarawak Government Gazette Vol. LXXIV dated 19th September 2019, No. 72 and on 1st November 2019, No. 83.

The core functions of MOTS are policy formulation, planning and development of transportation on State's river and specified water bodies, urban transport and urban traffic management.